Last revision 01/19/2021

How can I access the Archive?

Access is free of charge. There are several ways of accessing Archive documents, including the electronic channel, which allows citizens to obtain information as required, and the webpage, since the collections have been catalogued and digitalised. You can also request information and documents from the Archive by post and e-mail, over the phone or in person. The access channels, as well as any reproductions made of the material safeguarded in the Archive, are described in the Senate Service Charter.

Which documentation can I view in the Archive?

The Archive encompasses the whole historical collection, from 1834 to 1923, and the current collection, which begins in 1977. For the period 1834-1923, there is a complete collection of official publications and a series of personal files of members of the upper house (Próceres) and Senators.

The webpage enables all citizens to view a large section of the Archive collections related with parliamentary activity and Senators. Audiovisual and photographic material will be incorporated as the task of cataloguing progresses.

Is it possible to see the composition of the Senate from the past?

Yes. On the webpage, you can view the composition of the Senate and its different bodies in previous Legislatures. Information is provided for two major periods: the historical period between 1834 and 1923; and the current period, since 1977.

What types of Senators have there been in the constitutional history of Spain?

Prócer is the name given in the Royal Statute (1834-1836) to members of the Upper House, then known as the Estamento de Próceres.

Life Senators were appointed by the King to occupy this position until their death.

Senators in their own right were so determined by the different constitutions by virtue of their special personal circumstances, regardless of the will of the Crown, as certain members of the royal family, Spanish grandees and senior officials in the army, clergy and State institutions.

Appointed senators were chosen by different civil, political and religious corporations to represent them in the Senate.

Can I obtain information about all the Senators there have been throughout history?

Yes. You can obtain information about all the people who have been Senators. There are several ways of doing this. On the homepage, through the "Senators" section, and through the section entitled "Archive. The Senate in History".

You can also search using the website's search box.

The Archive also contains information about all the Senators who did not take possession of their position, in other words, who were appointed or elected but did not meet the requirements to take possession of the position (not admitted, deceased, etc.).

Is it possible to view electoral results?

Yes. The webpage offers information about the results from all Senate elections since 1977.

What is in the "Library and documentation resources" section”?

The monographic studies and documents safeguarded by the Senate make up a bibliographical heritage of great cultural value, which provides a foundation for parliamentary activity. The Library contains books on paper and in electronic format, organised into two collections, ancient and modern, along with maps, periodicals from the 19th Century, manuscripts, scores, prints and etchings. The historical collection is in the process of being digitalised.

There is a general search facility for these resources and for the bibliographical and documentation databases which is free to use.

There are bibliographies about issues related with the Senate and themed dossiers, which include a selection of legislation, monographic studies and journals, regional, national and European maps and statistics, which are permanently kept up to date and available through the Senate webpage.

In the Senate, information and documentation is also compiled in relation to the European Union. Of particular importance is the database of legislation and reports of the European Commission (COM documents), which is complemented by the opinions of the Spanish Government, and the State's monitoring of the processing and debating of each legislative bill. The Senate participates in the IPEX database, which is a centralised database regarding the supervision of National Parliaments in relation to the EU policy of their respective Governments.

The Senate has two databases which allow citizens to learn about regional legislation and the activity of regional Parliaments: CALEX (legal database regarding the Self-Governing Communities) and APCA (database for regional Parliamentary activity).

To examine any documents in person, you will need a researcher's card.